November Birth Month Flowers: Meanings, Symbolism & History

Are you curious what the November birth month flowers are and what they represent? This in-depth guide digs into the captivating history, cultural significance, and symbolic meaning behind the chrysanthemum and peony.

You’ll discover why these lively fall blooms make for thoughtful birthday gifts. Get tips for cultivating vibrant chrysanthemums and peonies in your own garden. And learn how to make cut arrangements last.

Whether you’re looking for the perfect gift, planning floral decor, or simply want to learn more about the plants associated with your birth month, this article explores it all. Grab a warm drink and settle in for an intriguing read!

What are Birth Month Flowers?

Young lady holding some November Birth Month Flowers

Birth month flowers are specific blooms associated with each month of the year. They typically have symbolic meaning and cultural heritage related to that time period. The custom of birth flowers emerged in the Victorian era, but its roots trace back to ancient legends and folklore.

They make for thoughtful birthday gifts that convey meaning beyond a simple bouquet. Receiving flowers linked to your birth month feels personal, special, and deeply connected to you as a person.

History of November Birth Month Flowers

November has two classic birth flowers associated with it: the chrysanthemum and the peony. Both flowers carry deep symbolic meaning and have a rich cultural history.

Chrysanthemum History and Symbolism

Chrysanthemums trace their origins back to ancient China, where they were first cultivated in the 15th century BC. Often called “mums”, these flowers have a long history of cultural significance in China and Japan.

Some key facts about the chrysanthemum:

  • There are over 20,000 varieties that come in a diverse range of colors, shapes and sizes.
  • Chrysanthemums are known as the “Queen of Fall Flowers” and are popular ornamental plants.
  • The name comes from the Greek words for “gold” and “flower”, reflecting their beauty.
  • In Japan, chrysanthemums represent the Emperor and Imperial family. A “Festival of Happiness” is dedicated to the flowers on September 9th each year.

Chrysanthemums are among the most important plants in the world floriculture industry, accounting for over 30% of the Japanese domestic flower market.

In terms of symbolism, chrysanthemums generally signify:

  • Longevity
  • Joy
  • Optimism

The color of the bloom also impacts meaning:

  • Red symbolizes love
  • Yellow represents sorrow
  • White conveys loyalty and devoted affection

Overall, the chrysanthemum makes for an excellent birthday gift, conveying wishes of friendship, wellbeing, and cheerfulness.

Peony History and Symbolism

With lush, full blooms and a sweet fragrance, peonies have captivated people for centuries. Also known as the “King of Flowers”, peonies come in shades of white, yellow, pink, red and purple.

Some key facts about the peony:

  • Peonies belong to the Paeonia genus and are native to regions in the Northern hemisphere.
  • They have a relatively short blooming season in late spring to early summer.
  • In China, peonies are revered as bringing good fortune and honor. They are used in traditional medicine.
  • Greek mythology links the peony to healing and the gods.

In terms of symbolism, peonies generally signify:

  • Romance
  • Prosperity
  • Good fortune
  • Happiness
  • Compassion
  • Beauty

The color also changes the meaning:

  • White conveys shyness and timid affection
  • Yellow represents new beginnings and optimism
  • Red symbolizes passion and honor

The peony makes a thoughtful birthday gift, expressing best wishes for the recipient’s future happiness and wellbeing.

Symbolism of Chrysanthemums and Peonies

Both the chrysanthemum and peony hold deep symbolic value. As November birth flowers, they have related meanings that make them appropriate for fall birthdays.

Key symbolic meanings include:

  • Friendship
  • Joy
  • Optimism
  • Good fortune
  • Longevity
  • Beauty
  • Happiness
  • Compassion

Their lush blooms and cultural significance make chrysanthemums and peonies excellent birthday gifts. They convey warmth, well-wishes, and the hope for a beautiful future.

Growing Chrysanthemums and Peonies

With some basic care, you can grow vibrant chrysanthemums and peonies in your own garden. Here are some key tips:


  • Place in full sun
  • Water regularly
  • Provide well-draining soil
  • Fertilize every 2-3 weeks
  • Deadhead spent blooms
  • Watch for pests like aphids


  • Plant in full sun
  • Water regularly, especially in dry periods
  • Give well-draining, nutrient rich soil
  • Deadhead spent blooms
  • Avoid excessive moisture on leaves

With the right amount of sun, water and care, you can enjoy these November birth flowers fresh from your garden.

Caring for Cut Chrysanthemums and Peonies

To enjoy chrysanthemums and peonies as cut flowers, follow these tips:

  • Change the water every 2-3 days
  • Remove any leaves below the waterline
  • Recut stems at an angle periodically
  • Add floral preservative
  • Keep in a cool spot out of direct sunlight
  • Remove any wilted or dead blooms

Proper water and care will extend the vase life of your cut flowers. Chrysanthemums and peonies will brighten any space with their lively colors and fragrances.


The chrysanthemum and peony hold deep cultural meaning as the two birth flowers for November. Their lush blooms in shades of red, purple, yellow and white signify friendship, compassion, beauty, and good fortune. These flowers make thoughtful birthday gifts, conveying best wishes for the year ahead. With some simple tips, you can also grow vibrant chrysanthemums and peonies in your own garden.

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